|  e-ISSN: 2718-0107

Volume 5 Issue 1 (March 2024)

Issue Information

Issue Information

pp. i - vi   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651


Issue Information

Keywords: Issue Information

Original Articles

Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Human Values

Osman Söner & Filiz Güden

pp. 1 - 14   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.1


In this study, which aims to examine secondary school students' perceptions of human values ​​in terms of various variables, the survey model was used. The universe of the study consists of secondary school students Istanbul in Turkey province in the 2022-2023 academic year. The sample of the research consists of 476 students. During the research process, data was collected using the "Human Values ​​Scale" and "Personal Information Form". T-test to determine whether the human values ​​of secondary school students differ significantly according to gender and school type variable; One-way analysis of variance was performed to determine whether it differed significantly according to the grade level variable. In addition, correlation analysis was used to observe the relationship of human values ​​with age and daily internet use. As a result of the analyses worked on, according to gender; responsibility differs significantly according to the type of school and according to the class level of responsibility, friendship, peacefulness, honesty, and tolerance. Moreover, there is a negative correlation between the age levels of secondary school students and the level of friendship, peace, and respect while there was a positive and significant relationship with tolerance. Finally, it was determined that there was a negative significant relationship between daily internet use and the human values sub-dimension of responsibility, peacefulness, respect, honesty, tolerance and the total score of human values. The results obtained were discussed based on the literature and suggestions were made for future studies.

Keywords: Responsibility, friendship, peaceful, honesty, tolerance

Choosing Teaching as a Career: Examination of Motivational Sources of Special Education Teacher Candidates

Cengiz Alper Karadağ

pp. 15 - 30   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.2


The aim of this research is to examine the motivational sources of teacher candidates who prefer the special education department. In the research, firstly, the motivation resources that enable teacher candidates to continue higher education were examined. Then, the sources of motivation that are effective in choosing teaching as a career and in the last stage, the motivation sources of the process of choosing the special education department were examined. The research carried out within the framework of qualitative research methods was structured in the basic qualitative research design. The participants of the research are the students of the special education department of the faculty of education. Participants were included in the scope of the study in accordance with the homogeneous sampling techniques, which is one of the purposive sampling methods. In this context, ten teacher candidates who had graduated from any higher education institution before constituted the participants of the research. The interview form developed by the researcher was used as a data collection tool in the research. Research datas were collected through focus group interview. Content analysis technique was adopted in the analysis of the data. According to the results of the research, the factors that motivate teacher candidates in the process of continuing higher education and choosing a faculty of education generally depend on external motivation sources. While explaining the factors that motivate them both in the process of continuing higher education and choosing teaching as a career, teachers candidates emphasized the element of "employment", which can be considered within the scope of extrinsic motivation. It has been concluded that in the preference of the special education department of the teacher candidates, the elements such as the sacredness of special education teaching, which can be considered within the scope of altruistic motivation, and the happiness of teaching something to children with special needs, come to the fore.

Keywords: Teacher candidate, special education, source of motivation.

The Concept of Literacy in Primary Education: A Bibliometric Study

Ahat Tezcan & Sevim Güven

pp. 31 - 63   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.3


In this research, it is aimed to determine and evaluate the trends of the articles published in the Web of Science on the concept of literacy in primary education. The research data is based on the Web of Science database, with similar concepts as primary education, literacy, primary school, elementary education, 1st-2nd-3rd-4th-5th grade concepts. Descriptive and bibliometric analyzes were used together to obtain the data of the study. In the first stage, 4783 articles were reached, and in the second stage, 459 articles were reached. These data were processed with the Vosviewer program and descriptive and bibliometric content tables and network maps were obtained. According to the findings of the research, the most studies were conducted in the field of primary education and literacy in 2020, the majority of the studies were published in the education/education categories in the Web of Science database in the field of primary education and literacy, the most frequently published languages were English and then Spanish. findings have been reached. As a result, this research; it has created a general framework for many components that stand out in the field of literacy in primary education, including publication, author, publication language, journal, country, number of citations, collaborations, current research topics and future research trends.

Keywords: Literacy, Primary Education, Web of Science, Bibliometric Analysis

Gender Factor in Cartoons for Basic Education Students

Kübra Aydın & Behsat Savaş

pp. 64 - 80   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.4


The research is aimed to examine the cartoons for early childhood in terms of gender roles. The data of the research, which was carried out using the qualitative research method, are "Keloğlan", "Dört x 4’lü", "Elif ve Arkadaşları", "Rafadan Tayfa", "Elif’in Düşleri", "Kardeşim Ozi" and "Aslan" broadcast on TRT Çocuk channel. By watching seven episodes of seven cartoons examined within the scope of the research, the total of 49 episodes were evaluated within the scope of the "Cartoons for Preschool Children's Evaluation Form in terms of Gender". The determined items are presented in tables. Some of the findings are that in the cartoons examined within the scope of the research, male characters are more common than female characters, mostly female characters are more involved in housework, male characters are more in repair and gardening. It shows that the colors preferred in the clothes of the characters are gendered and there are color preferences in accordance with the stereotypes and the female characters have fewer professions. In line with the examinations, it shows that the cartoons contain gender stereotypes. As the result, it is expected that the characters in cartoons will be equally represented in terms of gender equality. Characters should not be limited to features that characterize gender stereotypes, the value given to male and female characters in the designed events should not be different, the content and visuals of cartoons should be designed away from stereotypes.

Keywords: Media, cartoons, gender roles

Revealing and Implementing Introductory Paragraph Models for the Development of Turkish Academic Writing Skills 

Fatih Kahraman & Fatma Bölükbaş Kaya

pp. 81 - 98   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.5


The aim of this research is to develop a course model in the field of academic writing that international students studying at undergraduate/graduate level need to prepare qualified research papers, reports, scientific writings by determining the structural organization and metadiscoursal features appropriate to the subject and to transfer this writing culture to more comprehensive texts such as articles, papers and theses. This course model is limited to introductory writing and introductory models in academic texts.  The grammatical structures, vocabulary, basic phrases, connectors, paragraph structure and planning stages of thoughts specific to introductory section models constitute the content of the course model. In this study, content analysis was used to determine the introductory paragraph models; in order to reveal the success level of the course model, the course model was developed and implemented and the academic writing achievement test was applied as pre-test and post-test. With this approach, some templates regarding the text structure of the introductory paragraph(s) were revealed thanks to the data obtained as a result of the analyses of hundreds of academic texts. Text analyses were carried out based on text structure criteria. In the first stage, small structure analysis and paragraph description were performed. Here, a grammatical analysis was made based on cohesion criteria and the focus was on the words and phrases on the surface of the text. In the second stage, large structure analysis and paragraph analysis were carried out. At this stage, the meaning level of the text was analyzed under the subheadings of coherence, meaning of the text, structural elements that make up the meaning, acceptability, informativeness and key concepts. As a result of the analyses made within the scope of small-scale and large-scale textuality criteria, it was possible to interpret the paragraphs and the types of introductory paragraphs were determined at the superstructure stage. A course model was prepared to transfer the data obtained as a result of the analysis of academic texts to the text production process. In the prepared lesson model, the elements that make up the determined introductory paragraph types and structural organization were emphasized. The funnel model, chronological model, model starting with an interesting or remarkable event and model starting with a question are presented together with text analyses showing how they are formed.

Keywords: Teaching Turkish as a foreign language, academic Turkish, academic writing, introduction paragraph models.

Career and Educational Experiences of School Dropouts with Low Socioeconomic Status and High Hopelessness Level

Muharrem Koç & Özlem Ulaş Kılıç

pp. 99 - 113   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.6


The aim of this study is to investigate in depth the school experiences and career status and choices of individuals who are school dropouts with low socioeconomic level and high hopelessness levels in the non-Western country of Turkey. To this end, Consensual Qualitative Research, a qualitative data analysis method, was used. A total of 10 school dropouts participated in the study. Preliminary findings showed that female students who dropped out of school could not be accessed by routes like Skype. The study revealed that dropping out of school influences the career development of participants. Furthermore, the following domains related to school dropout emerged through the data analysis: (a) reasons for school dropout and (b) career process and choices.

Keywords: School dropout, career counseling, Turkey, non-Western society

Unveiling the Layers: Analyzing ChatGPT Implementations in Turkish State Universities

Ömer Gökhan Ulum

pp. 114 - 134   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.7


The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is now seeing a significant increase in visibility and importance. The manifestation of this phenomenon is seen not alone by the increasing acknowledgment of assistive technologies like Google Bard, but also by the recent implementation of ChatGPT. However, there exist significant milestones that must be accomplished prior to the complete replacement of authentic educators by artificial intelligence. These significant achievements include the integration of emotions, rational decision-making, and ethical discussions. The Automated ChatGPT is an AI-driven language model chatbot that offers significant progress in expediting activities like as grading assignments and homework, mitigating human bias, and achieving a level of accuracy comparable to human teachers. Notwithstanding these benefits, the use of ChatGPT has seen much criticism within the realm of education, particularly in settings involving the acquisition of English as a foreign language (EFL). In order to thoroughly examine this issue, a comprehensive inquiry was undertaken to investigate the perspectives of pre-service EFL teachers and in-service EFL teachers on the incorporation of ChatGPT. The study employed a qualitative approach, utilizing a scenario methodology that incorporated both an adaptive scenario technique and a collaborative scenario technique. In the adaptive scenario, participants were provided with sentence completions to explore their perspectives, while the collaborative scenario involved conducting an online focus-group discussions with the participants. The results of the survey indicated that pre-service EFL teachers have positive attitudes about ChatGPT. On the other hand, in-service EFL teachers often conveyed negative perspectives about the execution of this approach. The existence of differing perspectives highlights the complexities associated with incorporating AI-powered technologies such as ChatGPT into educational settings. The use of ChatGPT by students was shown to be advantageous in the improvement of their language proficiency, since it provided prompt feedback and opportunity for practice. Nevertheless, educators expressed apprehensions over the precision and reliability of ChatGPT, expressing fears that it may have difficulties in providing nuanced and contextually suitable replies. The aforementioned juxtaposition highlights the need for more investigation and advancement to tackle these issues and guarantee the efficient integration of AI-powered technology in educational environments.

Keywords: ChatGPT, Artificial Intelligence (AI), ELT, scenario, prompt engineering

A Bibliometric Analysis of Postgraduate Studies on Listening (2014-2023)

Hüseyin Özçakmak

pp. 135 - 159   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.8


A descriptive survey design was used in this study, which aimed to examine postgraduate studies on listening between 2014 and 2023. The data was obtained from the database provided by the Turkish Council of Higher Education Thesis Center through document review by keyword and department. In the searches, the keywords “Turkish, understand, listen, listening, hear, hearing” and the departments “Türkçe ve sosyal bilimler eğitimi, yabancılara Türkçe öğretimi, sınıf öğretmenliği, okul öncesi eğitimi, dilbilim, Türk dili ve edebiyatı eğitimi ve Türkiyat araştırmaları” were used. The data analysis was performed via the bibliometric analysis method. In the study, it was concluded that 205 postgraduate studies were written on listening, 162 of which were master’s theses and 43 of which were doctoral dissertations, and the studies on listening were written by students in 60 different universities, and most of them had been written by the students at Gazi University. It was found that most of the studies were completed in institutes of educational sciences (f=115), the studies were written in 23 different departments, and mostly for secondary school students (f=68) and non-native speakers (f=53). In terms of subject, it was revealed that most of the studies were about teaching methods and techniques (f=70), teaching Turkish to foreigners (f=53), textbooks (f=47), reading education (f=32), and types of listening (f=27), and the studies were listed as quantitative (f=115), qualitative (f=64) and mixed design (f=26) by their designs. It was also found that 174 studies were conducted with samples, and 31 studies were conducted with materials, and the sample size in most of the studies (f=123) was in the range of 0-100, and 510 measurement tools were used in 205 studies. In addition, the most preferred measurement tools were forms (f=148), tests (f=129), and scales (f=105), and the least preferred ones were checklists (f=3), programs (f=4), and rubrics (f=3).

Keywords: Turkish language education, listening, postgraduate studies, bibliometric analysis

COVID-19 Pandemic Experiences of Counselors and Their Families

Seval Kizildag-Sahin

pp. 160 - 185   |  DOI: 10.29329/bedu.2024.651.9


The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the pandemic on counselors and their families. In this qualitative study, homogeneous sampling type, one of the purposive sampling methods, was used. Two separate evaluations were carried out on counselors on two separate occasions. The first evaluation (covered the period between March 13th and June 13th, 2020. The second evaluation focused on the period between June 14th and October 14th, 2020. In the first phase of the study, 33 counselors and in the second phase, 30 counselors were reached and sufficient information could be collected about the impact of the pandemic on the lives of counselors and their families. The data were obtained from semi-structured interview forms developed by the researcher. Findings obtained in the first part of the study suggested that the pandemic is a compelling experience, that it causes anxiety and worry in families, and that continuing to socialize with taking appropriate precautions will protect mental health. The second part of the study emphasized that the pandemic can be dealt with more easily depending on personality traits such as being patient, that anxiety and worry are still present even though they partially decrease in families, and the pandemic reminds the importance of socialization and family. From this point of view, the importance of counselors who take an active role in challenging processes such as pandemics to work actively with experts in other disciplines is emphasized.

Keywords: COVID-19, family relations, psychosocial effects, counselor, mental health