Original article | Base for Electronic Educational Sciences 2023, Vol. 4(1) 27-48
Khaled Ahmad Ateyeh Alhassanat & Sonia Abdulfattah Ibrahim Shehadeh
pp. 27 - 48 | Manu. Number: MANU-2302-04-0003.R1
Published online: March 14, 2023 | Number of Views: 12 | Number of Download: 19
We conducted this study to determine the extent “Teachers’ View of High School Principals’ Support for alternative assessment as a tool for Meaningful Learning, during the first semester of the academic year 2021-2022, using the descriptive approach. The population consisted of all of the (94) secondary schools in Bethlehem governorate and in Negev Sector. The sample consisted of (268) teacher from both areas. We used the questionnaire to achieve the goals of the study. The results showed that the role of principals in supporting alternative assessment from the teacher’s point of view was high with a mean of (3.71) over/out of (5). The result also revealed that there were no statistically significant differences due to gender and academic qualifications. However, there were statistically significant differences due to years of experience in favor of less than five, and due to location in favor of Negev sector. In light of the results, the researchers recommended that teachers should replace the traditional assessment to more meaningful assessment, and encourage the students to use the higher order thinking skills in their daily life. The principal should involve the alternative assessment spirit in building the school vision, and encourage cooperation between teachers rather than competition. The Palestinian Ministry of education should raise the awareness of the local communities about the importance of the alternative assessment at schools, to have more cooperation between the local communities and the schools, Adopting the Negev experience in implementing the alternative assessment theory, in order to apply it at the schools of Palestinian Ministry of education.
Keywords: High School Principals, alternative assessment, Bethlehem Governorate, Negev Sector
|How to Cite this Article?|
APA 6th edition
Chicago 16th edition
Abaya, J. (2016). School leadership challenges along Kenya’s borabu-sotik border. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(5):757-774
Ahmad et. al (2020). Behaviorism vs constructivism: A paradigm shift from traditional to alternative assessment techniques. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 7(2):19-33.
Alaa Sadik (2008): Digital storytelling: a meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student, Educational Technology Research and Development, 56(4):478-506
Al-Bashir, Akram and Barham, Essam (2012): Using alternative assessment strategies and tools in evaluating the learning of mathematics and Arabic in Jordan, Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences, 13(1): 241-270.
Al-Harash, Ayed and others (2010): Obstacles to using the e-learning system from the point of view of secondary school teachers in the Koura District, The Jordanian Journal of Educational Sciences, 6 (1): 27-40.
Allison, P., Gray, S., Sproule, J., Nash, C., Martindale, R., & Wang, J. (2015). Exploring contributions of project-based learning to health and wellbeing in secondary education. Improving Schools, 18(3):207-220.
Al-Mahrooqi, R., & Denman, C. (2018). Alternative assessment. The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching, 10, 9781118784235.
Anne Nevgiv and Erika Löfström (2006): From strategic planning to meaningful learning: diverse perspectives on the development of web‐based teaching and learning in higher education, BJET, 38(2):312-324.
Ausubel, D. G. (2000). Cognitive structure and the facilitation of meaningful verbal Learning1. Journal of Teacher Education, 14(2):217-222.
Ausubel, D. P. (1963). The acquisition and retention of knowledge: A cognitive view. Springer Science & Business Media.
Ausubel, D. P. (1968). The psychology of meaningful verbal learning. Grune &Stration, INC. New York.
Baran, E., Uygun, E., & Altan, T. (2017). Examining preservice teachers’ criteria for evaluating educational mobile apps. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 54(8):1117-1141.
Barron, B., & Darling-Hammond, L. (2008). Teaching for Meaningful Learning: A Review of Research on Inquiry-Based and Cooperative Learning. Book Excerpt. George Lucas Educational Foundation.
Bolliger, D. U., Mills, D., White, J., & Kohyama, M. (2015). Japanese students’ perceptions of digital game use for english-language learning in higher education. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 53(3):384-408.
Burrows et. Al (2021). Alternative Assessment to Lab Reports: A Phenomenology Study of Undergraduate Biochemistry Students’ Perceptions of Interview Assessment. Journal of Chemical Education, 98(5), 1518-1528.
Bush, T. (2008): From management to leadership: semantic or meaningful change? Educational management administration & leadership, 36(2):271-288.
Camburn, E. M., Goldring, E., Sebastian, J., May, H., & Huff, J. (2016). An examination of the benefits, limitations, and challenges of conducting randomized experiments with principals. Educational Administration Quarterly, 52(2):187-220.
carol et al, (2007): Implementing Alternative Assessment: Opportunities and Obstacles, The Educational Forum, 71:221-230.
Carrington, V., & Robinson, M. (Eds.). (2009). Digital literacies: Social learning and classroom practices. sage.
Cashman, S., & Gunter, G. (2006). Integrating technology and digital media in the classroom, Thomason Course Technology.
Chai, C. S., Koh, J. H. L., Tsai, C. C., & Tan, L. L. W. (2011). Modeling primary school pre-service teachers’ Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) for alternative assessment with information and communication technology (ICT). Computers & Education, 57(1), 1184-1193.
Daniel T. Bressington et al. (2018): Concept mapping to promote meaningful learning, help relate theory to practice and improve learning self-efficacy in Asian mental health nursing students: A mixed-methods pilot study, Nurse Education Today, 60:47–55.
Deakins, Eric. (2007). The role of meaningful dialogue in early childhood education leadership. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 32(1):38-47.
Demir et. al (2019). Evaluation of alternative assessment methods used in elementary schools. Egitim ve Bilim, 44(197).
Egalite, A. J., Mills, J. N., & Greene, J. P. (2016). The softer side of learning: Measuring students’ non-cognitive skills. Improving Schools, 19(1):27-40.
Eger, L., & Egerová, D. (2016). Project risk management in educational organizations. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(4):578-598.
El-Atrash, A. (2009). Promoting sustainable urban growth strategies to curb sprawl in the urban area of Bethlehem governorate (Doctoral dissertation, Birzeit University).
Fisher, J. B., Schumaker, J. B., Culbertson, J., & Deshler, D. D. (2010). Effects of a computerized professional development program on teacher and student outcomes. Journal of Teacher Education, 61(4):302-31
Frye, H. (1988). The principal's role in teacher preparation. Journal of Teacher Education, 39(6):54-58.
Gagné, R. M. (1975). Learning hierarchies and learning conditions. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 7(2):133-134.
Galloway, K. R., & Bretz, S. L. (2015). Measuring alternative assessment in the undergraduate chemistry laboratory: a national, cross-sectional study. Journal of Chemical Education, 92(12):2006-2018.
Gordon, E., & Lowrey, K. A. (2017). The mentoring web – coming together to make a difference. Improving Schools, 20(2):178-190.
Gozuyesil, E., & Tanriseven, I. (2017). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of alternative assessment techniques. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 17(70), 37-56.
Harpaz, Y. (2013): Teaching and learning in a community of thinking: The third model. Springer Science & Business Media.
Howland, J. L., Jonassen, D. H., & Marra, R. M. (2012). Alternative assessment with technology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Hunter et. al (2022). Alternative Assessment of Active Learning. In Active Learning in the Analytical Chemistry Curriculum (pp. 269-295). American Chemical Society.
Kärki, T., et al. (2018): Alternative assessment with mobile devices: pre-service class teachers’ experiences of mobile learning in the outdoors. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 27(2):251-263.
Karpicke, J. D. (2012). Retrieval-based learning. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(3):157-163.
Keengwe, J., Onchwari, G. & Wachira, P. (2008): The Use of Computer Tools to Support Meaningful Learning. AACE Journal, 16(1):77-92.
Khan, B. H. (Ed.). (2005). Managing e-learning: Design, delivery, implementation, and evaluation. IGI Global.
Lee, J. C., & Lo, L. N. (2007). The accelerated schools for quality education project: Experiences of school change in Hong Kong. Improving Schools, 10(2):180-198.
Levine, T. H. (2011). Experienced teachers and school reform: Exploring How Two Different Professional Communities Facilitated and Complicated Change. Improving Schools, 14(1):30-47.
Li, X., & Yang, X. (2016). Effects of learning styles and interest on concentration and achievement of students in mobile learning. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 54(7):922-945.
Menard, E. (2013). Creative thinking in music: Developing a model for alternative assessment in middle school general music. Music Educators Journal, 100(2):61-67.
Mifsud, D. (2015). The setting-up of multi-site school collaboratives: The benefits of this organizational reform in terms of networking opportunities and their effects. Improving Schools, 18(3):236-249.
Miller, R. J., Goddard, R. D., Kim, M., Jacob, R., Goddard, Y., & Schroeder, P. (2016). Can professional development improve school leadership? Results from a randomized control trial assessing the impact of McREL’s balanced leadership program on principals in rural Michigan schools. Educational Administration Quarterly, 52(4):531-566.
Moran, M., Hawkes, M., & Gayar, O. E. (2010). Tablet personal computer integration in higher education: Applying the unified theory of acceptance and use technology model to understand supporting factors. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 42(1):79-101.
Mustafa, Ashraf Attia (2016): The reality of Islamic education teachers’ practice of alternative assessment methods and ways to develop them in the lower basic stage in Gaza, an unpublished master’s thesis, the Islamic University, Gaza.
Ng, S., & Szeto, S. E. (2016). Preparing school leaders. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(4):540-557.
Novak J, (2011), A Theory of Education: Alternative assessment Underlies the Constructive Integration of Thinking, Feeling, And Acting Leading to Empowerment for Commitment and Responsibility, Alternative assessment Review, 1(2):1-14
Novak, J. D. (2002). Meaningful learning: The essential factor for conceptual change in limited or inappropriate propositional hierarchies leading to empowerment of learners. Science Education, 86(4):548-571.
Novak, J. D., & Gowin, D. B. (1984). Concept mapping for meaningful learning. Learning how to learn, p.p:15-54.
Ou-Yang, F. C., & Wu, W. V. (2017). Using mixed-modality vocabulary learning on mobile devices. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 54(8):1043-1069.
Patmisari et. Al. (2022): Alternative Affective Assessment of Civic Learning in Distance Learning During the Covid Pandemic 19. In Annual Civic Education Conference (ACEC 2021) (pp. 568-575). Atlantis Press.
Picard, D., Martin, P., & Tsao, R. (2014a). iPads at school? A quantitative comparison of elementary schoolchildren's pen-on-paper versus finger-on-screen drawing skills. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 50(2):203-212.
Przybylski, A. K., Rigby, C. S., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). A motivational model of video game engagement. Review of General Psychology, 14(2):154-166.
Rigby, C. S., & Przybylski, A. K. (2009). Virtual worlds and the learner hero. Theory and Research in Education, 7(2):214-223.
Rudnitzky, A., & Ras, T. A. (2012). The Bedouin population in the Negev. Abraham Fund Inititatives..
Runhaar, P. R., & Sanders, K. (2016). Promoting teachers' knowledge sharing. the fostering roles of occupational self-efficacy and human resources management. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(5):794-813.
Sadik, A. (2008). Digital storytelling: A meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student learning. Educational technology research and development, 56(4):487-506.
Sadilloyevna, F. D. (2022). Peculiar Features of Alternative Assessment in Teaching English as A Foreign Language. Eurasian Research Bulletin, 5, 116-119.
Seilhamer, R., Sugar, A., & Mao, J. (2013). User acceptance of mobile technology: A campus-wide implementation of blackboard's mobile™ learn application. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 49(3):327-343.
Shamir-Inbal, T., & Blau, I. (2016). Developing digital wisdom by students and teachers. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 54(7):967-996.
Sharkey, J., Clavijo Olarte, A., & Ramírez, L. M. (2016). Developing a deeper understanding of community-based pedagogies with teachers. Journal of Teacher Education, 67(4):306-319.
Shelly, G. B., Cashman, T. J., Gunter, R. E., & Gunter, G. A. (2004). Integrating Technology in the Classroom: Teachers Discovering Computers. 4th Ed. Thomason Course Technology. China Social, Demographic, & Economic Factors. The Bedouin population in the Negev.
Stalheim-Smith, A. (1998). Focusing on Active, Meaningful Learning. IDEA Paper Number 34.
Stringer, P., & Hourani, R. B. (2016). Transformation of roles and responsibilities of principals in times of change. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 44(2):224-246.
Suleiman, Odeh and Murad, Odeh (2013): The reality of the use of information and communication technology and the obstacles to its use in teaching among teachers of the Shoubak District Education Schools, Al-Balqa for Research and Studies, 17 (1): 107-138.
Sun, G., & Shen, J. (2013, July). Teamwork as a service: a cloud-based system for enhancing teamwork performance in mobile learning. In Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on (pp. 376-378). IEEE.
Szczesiul, S., & Huizenga, J. (2014). The burden of leadership: Exploring the principal’s role in teacher collaboration. Improving Schools, 17(2):176-191.
Thawabteh, Ahmed and Al-Saudi, Khaled (2010): Obstacles to applying realistic assessment strategies and tools from the point of view of Islamic education teachers in Tafila Governorate, 2016, Studies, Educational Sciences, 43(1): 265-280.
Vallori, A. B. (2014). Alternative assessment in practice. Journal of Education and Human Development, 3(4):10-15640.
Vermeulen, M., Van Acker, F., Kreijns, K., & van Buuren, H. (2015). Does transformational leadership encourage teachers’ use of digital learning materials? Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 43(6):1006-1025.
Wang, H. Y., Liu, T. C., Chou, C. Y., Liang, J. K., Chan, T. W., & Yang, S. (2004). A framework of three learning activity levels for enhancing the usability and feasibility of wireless learning environments. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 30(4):331-351.
Wayne, M. R. (2011). Visiting Classrooms: A Design Study to Support Principals' Instructional Leadership. University of California, Berkeley.
Wei, W., & Yue, K. B. (2017). Concept mapping in computer science education. Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, 32(4):13-20.
White, B. R., & Agarwal, P. K. (2011). The Principal Report: The State of School Leadership in Illinois. Illinois Education Research Council.
March 2023All Articles