Original article | Base for Electronic Educational Sciences 2021, Vol. 2(1) 21-31
pp. 21 - 31 | Manu. Number: MANU-2105-05-0005
Published online: March 30, 2021 | Number of Views: 14 | Number of Download: 550
The aim of this study was to evaluate which method could provide more effective and permanent learning in the mother-tongue teaching process by indicating the place and importance of Turkish mother tongue teaching in language skill development. For this purpose, 225 studies about the teaching method of reading and writing conducted between 1997 and 2020 were evaluated with meta-analysis method in terms of the study year, study type, type of skill in language teaching, subject, method style, results and suggestions. The present study, which was created as a result of the literature review, focused primarily on mother tongue teaching methods and its effect on basic language skills. Afterwards, language teaching methods and principles were specified, and even though it does not have a direct effect, experienced problems in basic language skills for future periods were included. Comprehensive research was conducted on mother tongue teaching at the primary education level, and some suggestions were developed by discussing the obtained information. As a conclusion, the effects of the language teaching method applied in mother tongue development on language development were stated and it was determined that the sentence-based language teaching method together with function-oriented teaching provided more forward-looking, effective and permanent learning. Although it does not have a direct effect on language skills, it is necessary to prefer an effective language teaching method in order to fulfill the goals of mother tongue development.
Keywords: Mother tongue, Turkish education, language teaching, sentence analysis method.
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