Original articlesAn Analysis of Primary School 4th-Grade Students’ Local Literacy Levels (The Case of Canakkale Province)
Yasir Akbas & Bülent Güven
pp. 1 - 20
This study aimed to examine the 4th-grade students in terms of "local literacy", which has been presented as a new literacy type in the relevant literature. In the study which was conducted as a descriptive and qualitative study, the data was gathered through a structured interview form including open-ended questions which were prepared to measure the local literacy skills of the 4th-grade students who were studying in the city center of Çanakkale province. The collected data were examined with the techniques suitable for the qualitative research method, and according to the findings, it was concluded that the participant 4th-grade students did not have sufficient literacy skills to introduce the historical and cultural values of the sites where they reside. Based on these results, relevant suggestions have been presented with this study to help students gain local literacy skills with the help of FOKUSD applications.
Keywords: Local Literacy, Social Studies, Primary School
Sentence Analysis Method in Mother Tongue Teaching
pp. 21 - 31
The aim of this study was to evaluate which method could provide more effective and permanent learning in the mother-tongue teaching process by indicating the place and importance of Turkish mother tongue teaching in language skill development. For this purpose, 225 studies about the teaching method of reading and writing conducted between 1997 and 2020 were evaluated with meta-analysis method in terms of the study year, study type, type of skill in language teaching, subject, method style, results and suggestions. The present study, which was created as a result of the literature review, focused primarily on mother tongue teaching methods and its effect on basic language skills. Afterwards, language teaching methods and principles were specified, and even though it does not have a direct effect, experienced problems in basic language skills for future periods were included. Comprehensive research was conducted on mother tongue teaching at the primary education level, and some suggestions were developed by discussing the obtained information. As a conclusion, the effects of the language teaching method applied in mother tongue development on language development were stated and it was determined that the sentence-based language teaching method together with function-oriented teaching provided more forward-looking, effective and permanent learning. Although it does not have a direct effect on language skills, it is necessary to prefer an effective language teaching method in order to fulfill the goals of mother tongue development.
Keywords: Mother tongue, Turkish education, language teaching, sentence analysis method.